Asian elephants, both wild and captive, are under constant threat.
Wild Asian elephants face relentless destruction of their habitat in all 13 range countries. Their territory has shrunk by 95%, a major cause in reducing the population to fewer than 50,000 animals – pushing them ever closer to extinction.
The 13,000 Asian elephants in captivity are threatened by daunting problems in 11 range countries. Traditional jobs — logging and transportation — have mostly vanished, posing huge problems for both governments and for private owners. Tourism, a frequent replacement, brings some answers but it also bring challenging new problems. Everywhere, captive elephants need better protection, but governments are slow to initiate new regulations and care standards.